Tailoring assemblies of plasmonic silver/gold and zinc-gallium layered double hydroxides for photocatalytic conversion of carbon dioxide using UV-visible light


Shogo Kawamura, Magda C. Puscasu, Yusuke Yoshida, Yasuo Izumi, and Gabriela Carja

Applied Catalysis A, 504, 238-247 (2015). DOI: 10.1016/j.apcata.2014.12.042[The PDF file]

In the search for novel efficient photocatalysts for the conversion of CO2 into fuels, plasmonic photocatalysts based on the self-assemblies of silver or gold nanoparticles with [Zn3Ga(OH)8]2CO3·mH2O layered double hydroxide (Zn3Ga|CO3 LDH) were prepared and tested for the photoreduction of CO2 by H2 under irradiation with UV-visible light. Ag and Au nanoparticles were obtained directly on the LDHs via the ion-exchange method or the reconstruction method of the LDHs. The catalysts exhibited intense surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effect at 411 and 555 nm attributable to Ag and Au nanoparticles, respectively. The rate of CO2 photoreduction on Ag/Zn3Ga|CO3 increased by a factor of 1.69 than that of Zn3Ga|CO3 while the methanol selectivity also increased from 39 to 54 mol%. On Au/Zn3Ga|CO3, the reduction rate of CO2 was 1.78 times higher than on Zn3Ga|CO3 LDH whereas the methanol selectivity decreased from 39 to 13 mol%. Electron microscopy and UV-visible and X-ray spectroscopy detected particular interactions of the cationic layers of Zn3Ga|CO3 with Ag and Au nanoparticles. Results show that for Ag/Zn3Ga|CO3 catalysts, CO2 photoreduction by H2 under visible light was promoted by the SPR effect of Ag nanoparticles while for Au/Zn3Ga|CO3 catalysts Au nanoparticles might act as electron-trapping active sites.


Chiba University > Graduate School of Science > Department of Chemistry > Dr. Yasuo Izumi Group